**Did you assign a tuple to a new value and get the error IndexError: invalid index to scalar variable in Python 🤔?**

When a computer programmer does not use the proper index position when accessing any list value from the list, it results in a compile-time error. The number of square brackets we must employ with the name of the variable or identifier to get any specific value from that list is known as the index.

Understanding how square brackets function is crucial when attempting to retrieve a specific item from a list or nested list in Python. This **IndexError: invalid index to the scalar variable** may occur.

One of the most important aspects when discussing huge data with a linear data structure is indexing. Understanding how we must handle data for practical usage and showcase our data using indexes is equally important. Solving incorrect indexes to the scalar variable is the subject of this article.

In this article, we’ll discuss the **IndexError: invalid index to scalar variable **in Python, why it occurs, and how to fix ⚒️it. So without further ado, let’s dive deep into the topic. Let’s go over a few examples that will show this error’s causes and possible solutions.

##### Table of Contents

## Why Does the “IndexError: Invalid Index To The Scalar Variable” Error Occur in Python?

As we’ve discussed in Python, when we do not use correct indexing or incorrect use of square brackets causes **IndexError: invalid index to the scalar variable. **

Let’s see an example 👇

**Code**

import numpy as np My_array = np.array([[9, 0], [8, 3], [2, 5], [4, 6]]) print("Array : ", My_array[0][1][2][3])

**Output**

You can see in the above example that the program displays the error for an improper index to a scalar variable. It is due to the two-dimensionality of the NumPy array specified here. This indicates that each specific value from the NumPy array produced from a nested list may be represented using just two indices. But in this instance of print(), we are making inappropriate use of three-layer indexing.

## How to Fix the “IndexError: Invalid Index To The Scalar Variable” Error in Python?

To fix the error, first, we have to make sure that we are using the proper indexing for elements with proper square brackets: We have two different alternate solutions.

- Using the single-tier value.
- Using the two-tier value

## 1. Using The Single-tier Value

In order to retrieve the lists stored inside the array, call them directly using the single-tier value.

**Code**

import numpy as np My_array = np.array([[9, 0], [8, 3], [2, 5], [4, 6]]) print("single-tier value : ", My_array[0],My_array[1],My_array[2],My_array[3])

**Output**

single-tier value: [9 0] [8 3] [2 5] [4 6]

As we have seen in the above example, we have assigned separate brackets for the index, the Python interpreter will recognize that the values inside the square brackets correspond to the indices 0, 1, and 2, respectively. In order to retrieve the lists stored inside the array, call them directly using the single-tier value.

## 2. Using The Two-tier Value

The alternative approach is to use a two-tier value, Since the NumPy array is a two-dimensional array of data layered in a single layer, we are utilizing two-tier in this case.

**Code**

import numpy as np My_array = np.array([[9, 0], [8, 3], [2, 5], [4, 6]]) print(“Two-tier value: ", My_array[3][0])

**Output**

two-tier value: 4

Here we are accessing the first element on index 3, which is [4, 6], second sub-index is 0, on which we are accessing element which is 4, so the output is 4.

#### Conclusion

To summarize the article on how to fix the **IndexError: invalid index to the scalar variable i**n Python**, **we’ve discussed why it occurs and how to fix it. Furthermore, we’ve seen that the three approaches that help fix the **IndexError: invalid index to the scalar variable **in Python**, **including Using the single-tier value, Using the two-tier value.

Programmers must pay particular attention to the index value and amount of square brackets when developing code to avoid the IndexError. There is a chance of **IndexError: invalid index to the scalar variable** if the number of square brackets is incorrect or if an abnormality happens (the declaration and definition employ a two-dimensional NumPy array with 3-tier indexing).

Therefore, understanding the various ways of expressing and retrieving NumPy array data from a specified variable is highly significant.

Let’s have a quick recap of the topics discussed in this article.

- Why does the Index Error invalid index to a scalar variable occurs?
- How to fix the index error?
- Use the single-tier value to fix the index error in Python.
- Use the two-tier value to fix the index error in Python.

**If you’ve found this article helpful, don’t forget to share and comment below 👇 which solutions have helped you solve the problem.**